FAQs: New York City Renters’ Rights during COVID-19

Know your rights and learn what the Supreme Court’s latest eviction ruling means for NYC.

Last Updated 09/02/21

On Thursday, August 26, the US Supreme Court struck down a federal eviction freeze designed to keep tenants housed in New York City and other places with high rates of COVID-19. But on September 1st, Gov. Hochul signed a law amending and extending New York’s eviction protections through January 15, 2022. 

See below for answers to frequently asked questions about NYC renters’ rights during COVID-19:

I submitted a Hardship Declaration and/or a CDC Declaration to my landlord or the court, what protections do I have?

Can I be physically removed from my home?

I have fallen behind on my rent. What do I do?

My landlord is threatening to evict me. What can I do?

1. I submitted a Hardship Declaration and/or a CDC Declaration to my landlord or the court, what protections do I have?

    • On September 1, 2021, Gov. Hochul signed a law, providing that if you previously submitted a Hardship Declaration (see below) to your landlord or the court, no steps may be taken to evict you until at least January 15, 2022 (subject to the exceptions outlined below)
    • On August 26, 2021, the Supreme Court issued an order vacating the CDC’s nationwide moratorium on evictions of any tenants who submit a CDC Declaration.
      • This means CDC Declarations no longer protect tenants from evictions.
      • If you submitted a CDC Declaration only, you should submit a Hardship Declaration to your landlord and/or the court as soon as possible.

2. Can I be physically removed from my home?

Was a judgment of possession and warrant of eviction issued against you and/or were you served with a Notice Eviction?

  • If YES, before you can be removed, your landlord must file a motion, asking the court for permission to move forward with the eviction, AND the court must hold a status conference.
    • If you provide a Hardship Declaration (see below) to your landlord or the court, you cannot be removed until at least January 15, 2022 (subject to the exceptions outlined below)
  • If NO, see the section below addressing New & Pending Cases

New & Pending Eviction Cases

Were you served with a Notice of Petition and Petition, indicating that your landlord has commenced an eviction case against you in NYC Housing Court?

    • If YES, if you provide a Hardship Declaration (see below) to your landlord or the court, the case is stayed until at least January 15, 2022 (subject to the exceptions outlined below)
      • Email your Hardship Declaration to the housing court for your borough:
    • If NO, if you provide a Hardship Declaration (see below) to your landlord, your landlord cannot commence an eviction case against you until at least January 15, 2022 (subject to the exceptions outlined below)

    • In addition, if you apply for rental assistance from ERAP (see below), your landlord cannot commence or move forward with an eviction case against you, until you receive a decision regarding your eligibility for ERAP.
      • If you applied for ERAP but also owe rent from before March 14, 2020, the judge may allow the case to move forward, unless you submit a Hardship Declaration.

Default Judgement

Normally, if you fail to timely “Answer” a Notice of Petition and Petition, your landlord can obtain a “default judgment” of possession and warrant of eviction against you, and proceed with removing you from your home.

    • As of September 1, 2021, your landlord cannot obtain a default judgment against you until at least January 15, 2022, unless the landlord first files a motion, and the court holds a hearing
      • If you provide a Hardship Declaration (see below) to your landlord or the court, the case is stayed until at least January 15, 2022 (subject to the exceptions outlined below)
    • If a default judgment was issued against you prior to December 28, 2020, or between August 13, 2021 and September 1, 2021:
      • The judge must remove the default judgment upon your request; and
      • If you provide a Hardship Declaration (see below) to your landlord or the court, the case is stayed until at least January 15, 2022 (subject to the exceptions outlined below)

Hardship Declaration

You cannot be evicted until at least January 15, 2022, if you provide your landlord or the court with a declaration, indicating that you qualify for eviction protection because:

    • You are experiencing financial hardship, unable to pay your rent in full, or unable to obtain alternative suitable permanent housing because of: 
      • Significant loss of household income during COVID-19 pandemic;
      • Increase in necessary out-of-pocket expenses related to performing essential work or health impacts during COVID-19 pandemic; 
      • Inability to obtain meaningful employment or earn income, or increase in necessary out-of-pocket expenses, due to childcare responsibilities or responsibilities to care for an elderly, disabled, or sick family member during COVID-19 pandemic; 
      • Hardship to relocate during COVID-19 pandemic, due to moving expenses and difficulty securing alternative housing; or 
      • Inability to obtain meaningful employment or earn income, or significant reduction in income or increase in expenses, due to other circumstances related to COVID-19 pandemic; and / or
    • Vacating and moving into new permanent housing would pose a significant health risk because you or household member have an increased risk for severe illness or death from COVID-19 due to being over age of 65, having a disability, or having an underlying medical condition

Exceptions: Evictions protections by submitting Hardship Declaration do not apply if:

    • Petition filed against you alleges nuisance: “unreasonable behavior that substantially infringes on the use and enjoyment of other tenants or occupants or causes substantial safety hazard to others.”
    • Petition filed against you alleges that you intentionally caused significant damage to the property
    • Your landlord files a motion, alleging that you have not experienced hardship and, after a hearing, the court determines that your hardship claim is invalid 

Visit this website to download the Hardship Declaration in several languages: https://nycourts.gov/eefpa/

3. I have fallen behind on my rent. What do I do?

    • To date, no law has been passed that would absolve you of your obligation to pay rent; accordingly, you are still legally required to pay all rent owed to your landlord.
    • However, the Tenant Safe Harbor Act provides that you cannot be evicted (via a judgment of possession and warrant of eviction) for nonpayment of rent for the “COVID-19 covered period” beginning March 7, 2020 and ending June 24, 2021, if you have suffered financial hardship during such period.
      • However, your landlord can still get a money judgment against you for unpaid rent during the COVID-19 covered period.
      • Further, if you fell behind on rent, or a judgment of possession and warrant of eviction were issued against you, prior to March 7, 2020, or you have fallen behind on rent after June 24, 2021, you are still vulnerable to eviction, subject to the protections described above.
    • New York has established ERAP to distribute over $2.7 billion of federal funds, and cover up to one year of rental arrears, beginning on March 13, 2020, and up to three months of rent after you apply.
      • To qualify, renters must demonstrate: household income at or below 80% AMI (in 2020 OR at time of application); experiencing financial hardship due to COVID-19 (e.g. qualified for unemployment, experienced reduction in household income; incurred significant costs); risk of homelessness.
      • The program will prioritize, among other things, households below 50% AMI; households with individuals who have been unemployed for 90 days prior to application; victims of domestic violence; eviction case pending
        • Households living in state or federally-subsidized housing (e.g. NYCHA, Section 8, FHEPS, CityFHEPS) will be last priority.
      • Undocumented New Yorkers may qualify, and documentation of immigration status will not be required as part of the application process.
      • No eviction proceeding may be commenced against an applicant for this program, and any pending eviction proceedings shall be stayed pending determination of application.

If you cannot pay all of the rent owed, you can: 

    • Talk to your landlord, and try to negotiate a payment plan.
    • Before you apply for a one-shot deal from HRA, you must first apply for ERAP

4. My landlord is threatening to evict me. What can I do?

    • If your landlord illegally locks you out, call 911 to be restored to your apartment.
    • Report harassment or discrimination by contacting 311.

Joint Statement: Governor Cuomo Must Resign

The New York State Attorney General’s investigation of Governor Andrew Cuomo has revealed multiple and repeated allegations of sexual harassment and assault against eleven women, as well as a toxic work environment that has persisted throughout his three terms as governor.

The New York State Attorney General’s investigation of Governor Andrew Cuomo has revealed multiple and repeated allegations of sexual harassment and assault against eleven women, as well as a toxic work environment that has persisted throughout his three terms as governor.

Our elected officials pledge to uphold the rule of law and to protect human rights. Governor Cuomo has irrevocably broken this oath and severed the trust of New Yorkers.

The Governor’s disregard for women’s rights and equality cannot be tolerated. It is clear to us that Governor Cuomo is unfit for elected office and is no longer able to serve the people of New York. As a coalition of New York-based organizations dedicated to ending sexual harassment, violence, and discrimination against women we call on Governor Cuomo to step down immediately.

We also urge the authorities to hold Governor Cuomo and his office accountable for any and all violations of both state and local law, as well as the administration’s efforts to discredit and retaliate against the women who have accused the Governor of sexual misconduct.

It takes great courage to come forward with allegations of sexual harassment, especially against someone in a position of power. The public shaming and discrediting by the Cuomo administration and legal team create a chilling effect for other women to speak out and demand justice.

We stand with the survivors of Cuomo as well as all survivors of sexual harassment and violence. We believe you and we will fight for you.

In solidarity,

  • Taina Bien-Amie, Executive Director, CATW
  • Yasmeen Hassan, Executive Director, Equality Now
  • Lauren Hersch, National Director, World Without Exploitation
  • Judy Harris Kluger, Executive Director, Sanctuary for Families
  • Jane Manning, Director, Women’s Equal Justice Project
  • Sonia Ossorio, President, NOW New York
  • Lynn Shaw, Founder & Executive Director, Lynn’s Warriors
  • Shandra Woworuntu, CEO & Founder, Mentari

An Update on our Services

Learn more about the future of our services in the year ahead.

As New York continues to recover from the pandemic, Sanctuary is preparing for a new era of hybrid service provision — one that will better meet the needs of survivors living across New York’s five boroughs.

When the City went into lockdown in March 2020, we shifted our legal and clinical services and career readiness training to virtual platforms. Our social workers conducted counseling sessions through a telehealth platform, our Economic Empowerment Program shifted training to Zoom, and when the courts resumed hearings our attorneys represented survivors through Skype and Zoom. Of course not all services could be offered virtually. Sanctuary staff kept our five shelters open throughout the pandemic, supporting survivors and ensuring a clean environment for our residents.

Learn more about how we adapted our services here >

The changes we made across our programs revealed new opportunities for our work with adult and child survivors of gender violence. Learn what’s happening in the months ahead and how we plan to integrate our current virtual services with our traditional in-person support.

Office Re-Openings

Manhattan Office – Confidential Location

Our Manhattan Office is open for scheduled appointments Monday through Friday, 9 am – 5 pm, on a case by case basis. Availability for in-person meetings will increase after Labor Day (Monday, September 6th). Please call 212.349.6009 or your Sanctuary point person to schedule an appointment.

Family Justice Centers

While Sanctuary’s shelters and Manhattan Office have remained open throughout the pandemic, New York City’s Family Justice Centers (FJCs) have largely operated virtually. The FJCs have traditionally provided valuable and accessible comprehensive services, particularly to survivors who prefer to drop in rather than make an appointment in advance. The Mayor’s Office to End Domestic and Gender-Based Violence opened the Manhattan FJC last September for limited appointments two days a week. The other FJCs are re-opening on a limited basis as follows:

  • Manhattan FJC – The MFJC ramped up its on-site staffing and appointment capacity in early June. The MFJC is open on Monday and Friday during phase 2 of the reopening plan.
  • Staten Island FJC – The SIFJC opened its doors on Tuesday, June 8th for client appointments only. The SIFJC is open on Tuesday and Thursday during phase 2 of the FJC reopening plan.
  • Queens FJC – The Queens FJC opened its doors on Tuesday, July 6th for appointments only. The QFJC is open on Tuesday and Thursdays during phase 2 of the FJC reopening plan. 
  • Brooklyn FJC- The Brooklyn FJC opened its doors on Wednesday, August 4th for appointments only. The BKFJC will be open on Wednesday and Thursdays during phase 2 of the FJC reopening plan.
  • Bronx FJC – The Bronx FJC will open its doors in August for appointments only on Tuesday and Thursday. The opening date is still to be determined. 

Contact an FJC office here >


The EMPOWER Center remains open for virtual services and scheduled appointments only. To make an appointment, please call 212.238.4906.

Future of our services

Economic Empowerment

Before to the pandemic, Economic Empowerment Program (EEP) participants were expected to attend in-person classes at our confidential Manhattan office daily. Our computer labs, onsite childcare and prepaid MetroCards made this program accessible but for many, the commute added an extra layer of complexity to participants’ busy lives. The program was also especially challenging for those who did not have access to a computer or WiFi at home but wanted extra time to practice the skills they were building. The lock-down led Sanctuary to shift EEP online and provide participants with the necessary technology. Now, with generous support from Mobile Citizen for low-cost internet and long-term funding for laptops in the works, we plan to continue offering EEP as a hybrid of Zoom and in-person classes starting this fall. By providing program participants, and by extension their families, with technology to close the digital divide, greater flexibility, and the community that has always set EEP apart, we believe we can better support survivors on their professional journey.

If you would like to learn more about our Fall 2021 Economic Empowerment Program, please email Info@sffny.org

Legal Representation

New York State courts have reopened with most cases continuing to be heard virtually through Microsoft Teams. The shift to virtual court proceedings has revealed several benefits. Survivors save the time and money they would typically spend on childcare, time off from work, and/or the cost of the commute with the added benefit of not having to see or be near their abusive partner in court. While the future of court proceedings has yet to be determined, we expect virtual hearings to become a permanent option.

Family Court: Already-existing cases are continuing in the borough Family Courts where they started however newly filed cases that require immediate judicial attention can now be filed in a City-wide virtual court.

Immigration Court: Immigration Courts remain open. USCIS interviews and appointments have resumed. Non-detained removal defense cases resumed July 6, 2021.

Order of Protection (Family and Criminal): All Temporary Orders of Protection are continued until the next time the case is back in court.

Pro Bono Support: In April 2021, we launched a web-portal for pro bono attorneys to access sample documents, educational guides and a variety of other materials to help them with pro bono cases. Before the portal, these materials were typically shared on an individual, case-by-case basis by the supervising Sanctuary attorney. The launch of the portal makes it easier for our partners to learn the intricacies of gender violence cases and trauma-informed representation while freeing up time for our attorneys to provide oversight. Active pro bono attorneys can request access here.


Sanctuary counselors will continue to provide counseling sessions to adults, children, and families through a HIPAA compliant telehealth platform with expanded availability for in-person counseling sessions beginning September 6th. As with many of our other services, counselors have found the shift to virtual services enables clients to attend sessions with more regularity because they do not have to worry about the commute or childcare. Virtual therapy, however, comes with several significant challenges including access to adequate technology and privacy, and the difficulty of building trust without the intimacy of in-person interaction. Read the reflections of our Children and Family counselors on virtual counseling here.

Housing and Shelter

Governor Cuomo has extended the moratorium on COVID-related residential and commercial evictions and foreclosure proceedings for those filing a hardship declaration until August 31, 2021. While Sanctuary’s shelters have remained open throughout the pandemic, our staff have continued working with survivors to secure permanent housing and relief through the Emergency Rental Assistance Program.

Volunteer and In-Kind

Sanctuary is continuing to limit the number of individuals entering our confidential Manhattan Office. Please check back for updates and volunteer opportunities in August. If you would like to support survivors with material or in-kind donations, please browse our Amazon Wish List. The items listed are urgently needed by families visiting our offices and staying in our shelters.




Standing With LGBTQ+ Survivors

Intimate partner violence, like other forms of abuse­, does not discriminate based on sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, or expression.

Intimate partner violence, like other forms of abuse­, does not discriminate based on sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, or expression.

In honor of PRIDE, we’re hoping to bring attention to how intimate partner violence affects the LGBTQ+ community. We also want to remind our fellow New Yorkers that Sanctuary’s services are free and available to ALL individuals regardless of race, color, sex, age, sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, religion, national origin, citizenship status, or marital status. If you or someone you know is experiencing abuse, please do not hesitate to reach out to us for help.

Keep reading to learn more about safety planning and download our guide by clicking here.

Sanctuary at NYC Pride 2019

Intimate Partner Violence in the LGBTQ+ Community

Abuse occurs in LGBTQ+ relationships at similar or even higher rates than in the general population. According to a 2010 CDC survey, the lifetime prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) is significantly higher for bisexual women (61%) compared to that of lesbian (43%) and heterosexual women (35%).[1] Lesbian women and gay men also reported experiencing levels of sexual and intimate partner abuse similar to or higher than those of their straight counterparts.

Although data on IPV in the transgender community is much more limited, studies suggest that 31 to 50 percent of transgender people suffer from intimate partner abuse at some point in their lives, compared to 28 to 33 percent in the general population.[2] One study found the prevalence of IPV experienced by trans women in the past year to be twice as high as that of trans men (16% vs. 8%), a finding consistent with the higher prevalence of intimate partner abuse among women in general.[3]

While it is often assumed that abusers are either the male or more masculine-presenting partner in a relationship, it is important to note that violence can be perpetrated by any individual regardless of their physical or personal attributes.[4]In the CDC study, for example, bisexual and heterosexual survivors, of various genders, overwhelmingly reported having only perpetrators of a different gender.

At Sanctuary for Families, we recognize that LGBTQ+ individuals’ experiences of abuse are too often ignored or dismissed. We also know that members of this community face unique barriers to seeking help because of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity and expression. These may include the risk of rejection and isolation from family and friends; fear of being outed by their partner in retaliation; misconceptions about abuse in same-sex relationships; homelessness and trauma from police brutality; lack of confidence in service providers due to potential homophobia; limited availability of or awareness about LGBTQ-specific or LGBTQ-friendly services; among others. Trans people, in particular, have been impacted by COVID-19, including increased unemployment and homelessness, while also struggling to find adequate medical care and support.

Every day, we at Sanctuary strive to create a welcoming environment that fosters compassion and mutual respect where all survivors can find safety and stability as they rebuild their lives in the aftermath of abuse. If you or someone you know is experiencing abuse, please do not hesitate to reach out.


Safety Planning: A Guide for Survivors, by Survivors

English | Español | Français | Deutschالعربية | 中文 | 한국어 

The following Safety Planning Guide was created by members of Sanctuary’s Survivor Leadership program and has been reviewed by multiple clinicians. The guide draws from survivors’ and clinicians’ expertise, as well as from safety planning models from the National Domestic Violence Hotline, Sanctuary for Families, and Love is Respect.


Download this guide with safety tips from survivors.

What Is a Safety Plan?

A safety plan is a set of steps you can take to reduce the risk of harm in unsafe situations with an abuser or family member. With the changes in our environments due to coronavirus, we advise survivors of gender-based violence to consider the following safety tips created by survivors.  Sanctuary for Families’ team of Survivor Leaders put this list together in hopes of providing digital tools for safety during this time.

Why Should I Create a Safety Plan?

It can be hard to think and react in a time of emergency or high stress, especially with the added stress and uncertainty of coronavirus, so it is helpful to create a plan in advance. It is also important to update your safety plan often, as circumstances can change.  Abusers often try to have power and control over a survivor’s life, and a safety plan is one way a survivor can have power and control over their own situation, as much as they can.  Having a plan can empower you to make the safest decisions you can for your situation.

You are the Expert

You know your situation better than anyone, so please individualize your safety plan to what feels safest for you.  If something does not feel safe, trust your instincts.  For example, it may not be safe to complete a safety plan in writing, but you can still review one in your head and memorize it as best you can.  It can also be helpful to go over your safety plan with a trusted friend or relative.

Digital Safety

Please try to use a safer computer or phone that someone abusive does not have direct or remote (hacking) access to.  Digital stalking is one way for abusers to try to exert power and control. Email and Instant/Text Messaging (IM) are not safe or confidential ways to talk to someone about the danger or abuse in your life. If possible, please call instead. If you use email or texting, please use a safer computer or phone and an account your abuser does not know about.

For more information on computers, the internet, and digital safety, click here.

Increased risk of harm due to COVID-19

As many of us are practicing social distancing and quarantine, there are many additional risks for survivors and their safety, such as:

  • Isolation: Abusers can use this time to further isolate survivors from their loved ones. They may also use this as a time to further restrict a survivor’s movement in person, controlling where they go and when. They might also control a survivor’s interactions online, limiting their access to the outside world.
  • Restricting Access to Information: Abusers may also restrict access to the news and other outlets, making themselves the source of all information.
  • Increased Abuse: The abuse may worsen during this time as survivors may be spending more time in contact with their abusers. Survivors may also experience new or different types of abuse during this time.
  • In-Person and Digital Stalking: Abusers might try to exert their power by trying to monitor, control and stalk survivors in person and digitally.
  • Financial Abuse: Many individuals are experiencing financial burdens due to being unable to work, and abusers may further financially exploit survivors during this time.
  • Parenting: Survivors who co-parent their children with their abusers may be facing unique challenges during these times, such as barriers to visitation and/or increased exposure to the abuser due to lack of accessible childcare.  For example, in order for a survivor to work, he/she/they may need to utilize their abuser for childcare.


1. Buddy System Code Word

Identify at least two people that you can contact with a “code word” to let them know if you are in trouble. Plan in advance what they should do if you send them the code word.

2. “Safest Room”

If there is an argument, identify an area of the home you can move to where there are no weapons and there are ways for you to leave the house, apartment, or building, such as a door or window to exit the house/apartment. For some survivors, especially those quarantined at home with an abuser during coronavirus, no room may feel safe, so we call it the “safest rooms”. If you can at least identify the lowest risk areas, you may be able to reduce harm.

3. Planning with Children

  • Code Words: If you have children, decide how to communicate urgency. For example, when one survivor’s daughter was little, the survivor would open her arms and the daughter knew that meant to come running to her for safety.  Some survivors also create a “code word” with their children that means they should go to the “safest room” in the home that you have already decided upon.
  • Emergency Numbers: If for some reason you are not able to make emergency calls and you have children, give them the safety number/s, if they are old enough. Please see the Resources section listed below for some emergency phone numbers.

4. Notifying the Police Before an Emergency

Ahead of time, you can notify your local police station of your concerns. Let them know the history and your concern of being in isolation due to coronavirus. It may be useful to speak with the Domestic Violence officer.

5. Exit Plan

In case you have to flee, create an exit plan ahead of time with someone who could support this need. Is there a trusted friend/relative who you can stay with if needed?

6. Supplies, Food & Medication

Check your supplies and food. If you need food and do not have the money, check your local pantry, temple/church/mosque/etc., or other community organizations. Remember to keep your medication in the safest, easily accessible location in case of emergency.

7. Emergency Bag

Pack an emergency bag with an extra set of keys, clothes for you and your children, a pay-as-you-go cell phone, medications, copies of important documents, etc.

8. Important Documents

Make copies or take pictures of your important documents for yourself and send them to a trusted friend or relative. Important documents may include IDs, social security cards, immigration documents, birth certificates, health insurance information, and Orders of Protection.  As mentioned earlier, be mindful of sending anything via phone or computer.  Please use whatever method is safest for you.

9. Seeking Social Support

With social distancing and quarantining, survivors can feel even more isolated, and abusers may use further isolation as a power and control tactic. Identify trusted friends, relatives or even online support groups where you can still connect virtually.  If you have a friend who may be experiencing abuse, be sure to reach out to them even more during this time.

10. Creating a “Peaceful Space”

Many survivors are feeling forced to spend more time with an abuser during the coronavirus outbreak because they may feel unsafe leaving the home, as well as unsafe staying in the home. If you cannot leave your home, try to create a “peaceful space” for yourself in your home (if that is safe for you). You can draw pictures of a more peaceful place and put them on a wall to help you take an emotional break to visualize a more peaceful place.  This is also an activity you can do with your children.  You can also write positive affirmations and put them up on the wall to remind yourself of your worth.

11. Holding onto Your Plan

Consider keeping a list of your safety plan in your phone or wherever might be safe for you. Please consider what is safest for you. If you choose to write your plan somewhere, consider listing only key words that help you remember the plan, but that would not be clear to your abuser. If this is not safe, try to memorize your plan, focusing on memorizing at least one key emergency number on your list of resources.


All of the following resources are accessible, despite the coronavirus outbreak.

  • 9-1-1: In case of an emergency at any time, please call 911.
  • Emergency SOS on iPhone: Here is a link to a shortcut to using Emergency SOS to quickly and easily call for help and alert your emergency contacts if you have an iPhone: How to Use Emergency SOS on your iPhone
  • Emergency Location Sharing on Androids and iPhones: Here is a link for how to set up emergency location sharing on your phone, in case you want to share your location with a trusted friend or relative in case of emergency: How to Use Emergency Location Sharing
  • Sanctuary for Families Hotline: Sanctuary for Families’ Hotline is still accessible from Monday-Friday from 9 AM- 5 PM. Please call us at 212-349-6009
  • National Domestic Violence Hotline: The National Domestic Violence Hotline is still accessible 24/7. Please call them at 1-800-799-7233
  • National Human Trafficking Hotline: The National Human Trafficking Hotline is still accessible 24/7. Please call them at 1-888-373-7888 or text them at 233-733
  • Suicide Hotline: The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline is still accessible 24/7. Please call them at 1-800-273-8255

By: Monica Harris, Survivor Leader & Shobana Powell, LCSW, Director of Survivor Leadership Institute.

Reviewed by: Flore Baptiste, Carmen Guzman Lombert, Survivor Leader, Cristian Eduardo, Survivor Leader, and Hazell Imbert, LMHC, Counselor in Residential Services.

[1] Walters, M.L, J. Chen, and M.J. Breiding. “The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 Findings on Victimization by Sexual Orientation.” Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013.

[2] Brown, Taylor N.T., and Jody L. Herman. “Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Abuse among LGBT People.” Los Angeles, CA: The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law, 2015.

[3] Clements, K., M. Katz, and R. Marx. “The Transgender Community Health Project.” San Francisco, CA: University of California San Francisco, 1999.

[4] Human Rights Campaign. “Common Myths about LGBTQ Domestic Violence,” October 18, 2017.